When the South left the Union, Chief Jumper signed an alliance with the Confederate States of America and enlisted in the Confederate Army. He started as a major in the First Battalion Seminole Mounted Rifles, and later as lieutenant colonel of the First Regiment Seminole Volunteers. He led these troops in the battles of Round Mountain, Chusto-Talasah, Middle Boggy, and Second Cabin Creek

In 1865, Jumper was ordained as a Baptist minister. He was the pastor of the Spring Baptist Church in the Seminole Nation, near the town of Sasakwa.

John Jumper led these troops in the battles of Round Mountain, Chusto-Talasah, Middle Boggy, and Second Cabin Creek. The United States ordered the Seminoles to sign a new peace treaty after the war because of their allegiance with the Confederacy. They were expected to release their slaves and provide full citizenship to any freedmen who wished to remain in Indian Territory.

Slider image Slider image Slider image Slider image

Civil War Battles fought in Indian Territory

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et

Honey Springs

Honey Springs was a halt along the Texas Road. The springs served as a source of water for travelers

Round Mountain

The Battle of Round Mountain was the first battle in the Trail of Blood on Ice in Indian Territory


Trail of Blood on Ice, a group of 9,000 pro-Union Native Americans were forced to retreat to Kansas

Cabin Creek

Stand Watie of the Confederate planned to ambush Williams' caravan and had troops waiting

Old Fort Wayne

The Confederate Army began massing men in Fayetteville, Arkansas, preparing for an invasion

Middle Boggy Depot

The Confederates held their own in a 30-minute battle resulting in 47 deaths and the wounding of others.


The Confederate depot at Perryville, a major supply depot, was attacked by Union forces

Claremore Mound

The Claremore Mound Massacre was a significant engagement in the Osage-Cherokee War

Get In Touch

Contact us if you are intersted in learning more about Oklahoma history and Indian Territory before it became a state.

Your Message was sent successfully

Your Message was not sent successfully